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Special Areas of Conservation

North Fetlar

Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
Country Scotland
Unitary Authority Highlands and Islands
Centroid* HU626931
Latitude 60.61666667
Longitude -0.855555556
SAC EU Code UK0030226
Status Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
Area (ha) 1585.18
* This is the approximate central point of the SAC. In the case of large, linear or composite sites, this may not represent the location where a feature occurs within the SAC.
Location of North Fetlar SAC

General site character

  • Shingle, Sea cliffs, Islets (5%)
  • Inland water bodies (Standing water, Running water) (1%)
  • Bogs, Marshes, Water fringed vegetation, Fens (5%)
  • Heath, Scrub, Maquis and Garrigue, Phygrana (85%)
  • Dry grassland, Steppes (2%)
  • Inland rocks, Screes, Sands, Permanent Snow and ice (2%)

Download the Natura 2000 standard data form for this site as submitted to Europe (PDF <100kb)

Note When undertaking an appropriate assessment of impacts at a site, all features of European importance (both primary and non-primary) need to be considered.

Annex I habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site

  • North Fetlar represents species-rich forms of maritime H7 Calluna vulgarisScilla verna and upland H10 Calluna vulgarisErica cinerea heaths at the northern limit of their range in the UK. The species-rich Thymus praecoxCarex pulicaris sub-type of CallunaErica heath (H10d) is especially well-developed and extensive on base-rich serpentine rock. The combined extent of the maritime and upland species-rich heath is the largest within the SAC series but not as rich in associated flora and invertebrates as related heaths on Rum. Oceanic-northern species-poor forms of CallunaErica heath with abundant woolly fringe-moss Racomitrium lanuginosum, unusually developed at low altitude in the harsh climate, are also well-represented.

  • Alkaline fens fed by base-rich water from serpentine rocks are widespread across North Fetlar. They represent the habitat on Shetland and in the far north. The NVC type is M10 Carex dioicaPinguicula vulgaris mire. Transitions occur to base-rich swamp communities.

Annex I habitats present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for selection of this site

  • Not Applicable

Annex II species that are a primary reason for selection of this site

  • Not Applicable

Annex II species present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for site selection

  • Not Applicable

Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.