Skip to Content

Special Areas of Conservation

Moffat Hills

Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
Country Scotland
Unitary Authority South Western Scotland
Centroid* NT156135
Latitude 55.40833333
Longitude -3.333333333
SAC EU Code UK0030208
Status Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
Area (ha) 2881.72
* This is the approximate central point of the SAC. In the case of large, linear or composite sites, this may not represent the location where a feature occurs within the SAC.
Location of Moffat Hills SAC

General site character

  • Inland water bodies (Standing water, Running water) (1%)
  • Bogs, Marshes, Water fringed vegetation, Fens (30%)
  • Heath, Scrub, Maquis and Garrigue, Phygrana (20%)
  • Humid grassland, Mesophile grassland (25%)
  • Alpine and sub-Alpine grassland (13%)
  • Improved grassland (2%)
  • Broad-leaved deciduous woodland (4%)
  • Inland rocks, Screes, Sands, Permanent Snow and ice (5%)

Download the Standard Data Form for this site (PDF <100kb)

Note When undertaking an appropriate assessment of impacts at a site, all features of European importance (both primary and non-primary) need to be considered.

Annex I habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site

  • Moffat Hills represents the best examples of Alpine and Boreal heath in the Southern Uplands of Scotland and contains some of the best examples south of the Highlands. H13 Calluna vulgarisCladonia arbuscula heath occurs as small stands on high ridges. Lichen-rich H19 Vaccinium myrtillusCladonia arbuscula heath is relatively extensive for a locality south of the Highlands and is well-developed with characteristic flora. H22 Vaccinium myrtillusRubus chamaemorus heath occurs here at the southern edge of its geographic range.

  • Moffat Hills represents Siliceous alpine and boreal grassland in the central Southern Uplands. The main type represented is U10 Carex bigelowiiRacomitrium lanuginosum moss-heath which covers the higher summits, including solifluction ground. This is some of the best-developed CarexRacomitrium moss-heath occurring south of the Highlands, though loss of Racomitrium cover may have occurred due to grazing. The moss-heath is grassy, and contains much sheep’s-fescue Festuca ovina and wavy hair-grass Deschampsia flexuosa together with the small herb heath bedstraw Galium saxatile. The frequency of these species is probably an indication of nutrient enrichment from grazing sheep. The snow-bed U7 Nardus strictaCarex bigelowii grass-heath is widespread here, at one of its few sites south of the Highlands.

Annex II species that are a primary reason for selection of this site

  • Not Applicable

Annex II species present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for site selection

  • Not Applicable

Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.