Mendip Limestone Grasslands
|Unitary Authority||Dorset and Somerset, Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Bristol/Bath area|
|SAC EU Code||UK0030203|
|Status||Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)|
|* This is the approximate central point of the SAC. In the case of large, linear or composite sites, this may not represent the location where a feature occurs within the SAC.|
General site character
Heath, Scrub, Maquis and Garrigue, Phygrana (45%)
Dry grassland, Steppes (38%)
Broad-leaved deciduous woodland (10%)
Inland rocks, Screes, Sands, Permanent Snow and ice (7%)
Download the Standard Data Form for this site as submitted to Europe (PDF <100kb)
Note When undertaking an appropriate assessment of impacts at a site, all features of European importance (both primary and non-primary) need to be considered.
Annex I habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
This site comprises coastal and inland sections of the Carboniferous Limestone outcrops of the Mendips. The coastal headland and inland hills support the largest area of CG1 Festuca ovina – Carlina vulgaris grassland in England, including two sub-types (CG1a Carex humilis and CG1c Trinia glauca sub-communities) known from no other site in the UK. Areas of short-turf CG2 Festuca ovina – Avenula pratensis grassland also occur inland. The site is exceptional in that it supports a number of rare and scarce vascular plants typical of the oceanic southern temperate and Mediterranean elements of the British flora. These include white rock-rose Helianthemum apenninum, Somerset hair-grass Koeleria vallesiana and honewort Trinia glauca. Transitions to limestone heath (4030 European dry heaths) situated on flatter terrain also occur.
Annex I habitats present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for selection of this site
4030 European dry heaths
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines * Priority feature
Annex II species that are a primary reason for selection of this site
- Not Applicable
Annex II species present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for site selection
1304 Greater horseshoe bat Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
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