Lendalfoot Hills Complex
|Unitary Authority||South Western Scotland|
|SAC EU Code||UK0013592|
|Status||Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)|
|* This is the approximate central point of the SAC. In the case of large, linear or composite sites, this may not represent the location where a feature occurs within the SAC.|
General site character
Bogs, Marshes, Water fringed vegetation, Fens (4%)
Heath, Scrub, Maquis and Garrigue, Phygrana (39%)
Dry grassland, Steppes (37%)
Humid grassland, Mesophile grassland (13%)
Alpine and sub-Alpine grassland (1%)
Improved grassland (5%)
Broad-leaved deciduous woodland (1%)
Download the Standard Data Form for this site as submitted to Europe (PDF <100kb)
Note When undertaking an appropriate assessment of impacts at a site, all features of European importance (both primary and non-primary) need to be considered.
Annex I habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) * Priority feature
Lendalfoot Hills is one of five sites representing relatively low-altitude oceanic species-rich Nardus grasslands in western Scotland. This is the most southerly site where maritime species occur inland. The only NVC type present is CG10 Festuca ovina – Agrostis capillaris – Thymus praecox grassland. This occurs both in a dry form with yarrow Achillea millefolium, white clover Trifolium repens, spring sedge Carex caryophyllea and lady’s-bedstraw Galium verum, and a wet flushed form with flea sedge C. pulicaris, sea plantain Plantago maritima and purging flax Linum catharticum. Mixed forms are widespread. The low-altitude flora is species-rich, and includes crested hair-grass Koeleria macrantha, meadow oat-grass Helictotrichon pratense, common rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium and tufted vetch Vicia cracca, giving a grassland with floristic elements that are more usually associated with 6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia). The northern flora is less well-developed, with a lady’s mantle Alchemilla glabra, northern bedstraw Galium boreale and bitter-vetch Lathyrus linifolius present. The underlying rocks are of serpentine and other ultra-basic rocks, and the grasslands occur in unusual mosaics with black bog-rush Schoenus nigricans-rich 4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix and 7230 Alkaline fens.
7230 Alkaline fens
On the Lendalfoot Hills there is a well-developed series of Alkaline fens belonging to M9 Carex rostrata – Calliergon cuspidatum mire and M10 Carex dioica – Pinguicula vulgaris mire. They are developed over base-rich serpentine rocks and are representative of this habitat in southern Scotland. The fens occur in a range of hydrological situations such as topogenous basin fens, soligenous tracks or soakways in valley fen or wet heath and as spring-fed fens. Some of the Carex – Pinguicula mires have an abundance of black bog-rush Schoenus nigricans. The Alkaline fens grade to a range of base-poor fens, wet heaths and species-rich grasslands.
Annex I habitats present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for selection of this site
4030 European dry heaths
Annex II species that are a primary reason for selection of this site
- Not Applicable
Annex II species present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for site selection
- Not Applicable
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