|Unitary Authority||Surrey, East and West Sussex|
|SAC EU Code||UK0012836|
|Status||Designated Special Area of Conservation (SAC)|
|* This is the approximate central point of the SAC. In the case of large, linear or composite sites, this may not represent the location where a feature occurs within the SAC.|
General site character
Heath, Scrub, Maquis and Garrigue, Phygrana (5%)
Dry grassland, Steppes (90%)
Humid grassland, Mesophile grassland (5%)
Download the Standard Data Form for this site as submitted to Europe (PDF <100kb)
Note When undertaking an appropriate assessment of impacts at a site, all features of European importance (both primary and non-primary) need to be considered.
Annex I habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
This site hosts the priority habitat type "orchid rich sites". This chalk grassland consists of a mosaic of calcareous semi-natural dry grasslands, notably CG2 Festuca ovina – Avenula pratensis grassland, CG3 Bromus erectus grassland and CG4 Brachypodium pinnatum grassland. Castle Hill’s important assemblage of rare and scarce species includes early spider-orchid Ophrys sphegodes and burnt orchid Orchis ustulata. The colony of early spider-orchid is one of the largest in the UK.
Annex I habitats present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for selection of this site
- Not Applicable
Annex II species that are a primary reason for selection of this site
- Not Applicable
Annex II species present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for site selection
1654 Early gentian Gentianella anglica
Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.